Virtual Patent MarkingEffective September 16, 2011, 35 U.S.C. 287(a) updated by the America Invents Act (AIA) allows patent owners to effectively mark their products with a single “virtual patent marking” comprised of the word “Patent” (or “Pat.”) together with a URL address accessible to the public that associates the patented article with the number of the patent. This benefits companies by not having to update molds every time they are granted a patent for a product.
New 35 U.S.C. 287(a)
The new 35 U.S.C. 287(a) specifies the following:
Patentees, and persons making, offering for sale, or selling within the United States any patented article for or under them, or importing any patented article into the United States, may give notice to the public that the same is patented, either by fixing thereon the word “patent” or the abbreviation “pat.”, together with the number of the patent, or by fixing thereon the word “patent” or the abbreviation “pat.” together with an address of a posting on the Internet, accessible to the public without charge for accessing the address, that associates the patented article with the number of the patent, or when, from the character of the article, this can not be done, by fixing to it, or to the package wherein one or more of them is contained, a label containing a like notice. In the event of failure so to mark, no damages shall be recovered by the patentee in any action for infringement, except on proof that the infringer was notified of the infringement and continued to infringe thereafter, in which event damages may be recovered only for infringement occurring after such notice. Filing of an action for infringement shall constitute such notice.
Example of Virtual Patent Marking
To comply with the virtual patent marking requirements of 35 U.S.C. 287(a), a patent owner must mark their product with the word “Patent” or “Pat.” together with the URL address of the posting on the Internet that is accessible to the public. Below are some examples of virtual patent markings that may be conspicuously fixed on the patented article:
- Patent www.COMPANY.com/patents
- Pat. www.COMPANY.com/patents
When an individual enters the URL address, a web page is displayed listing the patents for each product sold by the company. Below are some example virtual patent marking web pages to give you some ideas on how to create your own virtual patent marking system.
Examples of Virtual Patent Marking Web Pages
Below are some good examples of virtual patent marking web pages:
- www.tivo.com/patents (Page Listing)
- www.bunn.com/patents (PDF Download)
- www.kimberly-clark.com/patents (Individual PDF Listings)
- http://patent.sjmneuro.com/Public (Searchable Patent Registry)